State apologizes, pays $500k to man in 1955 wrongful conviction
Darrel Parker shakes the hand of Nebraska Attorney General Jon Bruning after a news conference in the attorney general’s office in the Capitol. Parker and the attorney general’s office reached an agreement for his exoneration after he was convicted of killing his wife, Nancy, in 1955.
The state exonerated Darrel Parker on Friday. Parker was wrongfully convicted of the 1955 murder of his wife, Nancy.
Long year for Darrel Parker: He turned 80. Renewed vows with Ele on their 40th. He’s getting ready to retire at the end of this month, getting ready to move into a retirement home at the end of the next. And he sued Nebraska for $500,000.
“Long, long ago I viewed Lincoln as the enemy camp, but I was wrong. Justice has been done. After 56 years it is finally over. As I write this ‘the fat lady sings.’ ”
To read his entire statement, click the headline.
Most of the killings a death row inmate described were unsubstantiated, but his detailed account of the 1955 killing of Nancy Parker stood out.
David Strauss was just a boy when Darrel Parker was convicted of killing his wife in Antelope Park in 1955.
The state of Nebraska gave Darrel Parker his freedom decades ago — but Friday, it gave him back his innocence.
The moment Parker had awaited for nearly 57 years came on the second floor of the Capitol: an apology, and a final, formal admission that he didn’t kill his wife on a snowy Lincoln morning in 1955.
“You never give up hope, you never give up hope,” an emotional, 80-year-old Parker said at a news conference, flanked by his lawyers and the attorney general. “I tell people, ‘Now, I can die in peace.'”
The state had just agreed to stop fighting Parker’s wrongful conviction lawsuit. Instead, Attorney General Jon Bruning apologized, admitted Parker was wrongly convicted and announced the state would pay him $500,000 — the maximum allowed by law.
“It became crystal clear that Mr. Parker is innocent,” Bruning said. “This was the most important thing I could do as attorney general, to right this wrong.”
And with that, Parker’s lifelong legal saga — his insistence that his confession was coerced, his appeals, his search for missing evidence, his lawsuit, his refusal to stop at nothing less than his exoneration — was over.
Over, more than half a century after it started, in a small home in Antelope Park.
The bloody, brutal crime days before Christmas shook Lincoln, which had just reached a population of 100,000.
Darrel Parker was a year into his job as Lincoln’s first forester, and Nancy, 22, was developing recipes for Gooch’s flour and noodles and hosting a cooking show on Channel 10/11.
He stopped home for lunch Dec. 14, 1955, to find his wife’s beaten body. She had been bound, raped and strangled.
Police questioned a con named Wesley Peery, released him, and then — just days after Nancy was buried — put Parker in a windowless room with John Reid, a polygraph operator from Chicago.
“Mr. Reid succeeded in manipulating and psychologically coercing the plaintiff into giving a totally false confession,” Parker’s lawyers wrote in his wrongful conviction lawsuit.
Parker recanted the next day. For decades, he and his lawyers have argued the confession was coerced, that Parker was tortured psychologically, even drugged.
But the confession was enough to convict the 24-year-old of first-degree murder, and he was given a life sentence.
He was a model prisoner, put in charge of the penitentiary’s grounds and allowed to serve his time in the unlocked greenhouse.
He made a friend in prison, Parker said Friday, a man serving life for killing a gas station attendant.
He told his friend: “As long as I live, I shall fight this.”
He would never get Nancy back. But he spent most of his adult life trying to restore his name. He argued his case to the U.S. Supreme Court. He was paroled in 1970 — after his confession was deemed coerced — and pardoned in 1991.
But he continued to seek a full exoneration. He hoped DNA testing — unavailable at the time of the crime — would eliminate him as the killer. Then he learned much of the evidence, including crucial hair and semen samples, had vanished.
Through all of this, he was rebuilding his life. He found work with a tree company in the Quad Cities of Iowa and Illinois.
He married Eleanore — Ele — in 1971. He got a job with the Moline, Ill., parks department and worked his way up to supervisor. He retired, then spent the next 13 years working for a law firm.
He retired again earlier this year, and he and Ele moved into a retirement home.
His drive to clear his name built momentum in the past two years. First, in 2010, Lincoln native David Strauss published “Barbarous Souls,” which examined the crime, the case and Parker’s relentless efforts to clear his name.
And the next year, Lincoln attorneys Herb and Dan Friedman took his case, suing the state for $500,000 under its recent wrongful conviction and imprisonment law.
As a pre-law student in 1956, Herb Friedman sat in on some of Parker’s original trial.
“This was the most significant murder case in Lincoln in the 1950s,” he said last year. “It was controversial from the beginning.”
The lawsuit — brewing for months in the form of briefs and motions — moved to the courtroom last week for a hearing that drew Darrel Parker back to Lincoln, an old man this time, straining to hear what the lawyers and judge were saying.
Parker’s lawyers asked the judge to dismiss the case in his favor, citing a series of briefs in which the attorney general acknowledged Parker’s confession had been coerced.
The state’s lawyers objected, the judge took it under advisement and Parker’s lawyers worried they would have to wait months to move forward.
That’s why they were surprised when the attorney general’s office contacted them earlier this week.
“It was a pretty incredible thing for the state to go from filing a motion to completely dismiss the case, to withdrawing that motion and asking for a trial, and then to say, ‘You’re right, we’re wrong.’ All in the span of about 10 days,” Dan Friedman said Friday.
At the news conference, Bruning was asked about his reversal.
His office handles thousands of cases, he said, but he took a personal interest in this one. The more he read, the more convinced he became of Parker’s innocence. A light went on, he said.
“It’s just about doing the right thing. We want to do the right thing.”
Bruning’s office also considered the evidence against Wes Peery, the first suspect questioned in Nancy Parker’s death.
While on death row for killing a Havelock woman in 1975, Peery told his lawyers he had killed Nancy Parker but made them pledge not to disclose his confession until after he died.
A heart attack killed Peery in prison in 1988, but his confession had not helped Parker’s case — until now.
Parker accepted the attorney general’s apology. All he wanted was to be treated fairly, he said. And Friday, he was.
“It can’t possibly make up for all those years,” he said, but added: “I’m not bitter. I’m not built that way.”
Parker has returned to Lincoln several times since his parole in 1970, and he’d always avoided the Antelope Park home he shared with Nancy.
He planned to change that Friday.
“Today, I’m going to go back, because I can handle it now.”